Types of LDs

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Learning disabilities often present themselves along with other conditions such as:

Anxiety

Frequent and excessive anxiety often accompanies learning disabilities and adds another challenge to learning.

Depression

People with learning disabilities commonly battle depression as they question their own intelligence and ability to perform like their peers.

Tourette Syndrome

This disorder is characterized by tics: involuntary, rapid, sudden movements or vocalizations that occur repeatedly in the same way.

Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a language-based learning disorder. It is the most common learning disability and is believed to affect approximately one out of five children to some degree. Dyslexia is a learning difficulty characterized by difficulties with accurate or fluent word recognition or both, and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. People with dyslexia have problems with processing the smallest parts of language – phonemes – and appear to process information in a different area of the brain than non-dyslexics do. Dyslexia is the most common cause of reading, writing and spelling difficulties.

Dysgraphia

Dysgraphia is neurologically based handwriting disability in which a person has unusual difficulty forming letters or writing within a defined space.

Dyscalcula

Dyscalcula is a disorder diagnosed in those who are underachieving relative to their potential in mathematics, based on age, education level and measured intelligence.

Writing Expression Disability

As with reading, there are many levels at which the writing process can break down. A child may have difficulty with visual memory for words, phonemes and individual letters, generating and organizing ideas, or with the fine motor task of writing.

Specific Reading Disability

Individuals are diagnosed with specific reading disability when they are persistently underachieving in the development of reading skills, given his or her age, education level and measured intelligence.

Auditory Processing

This involves difficulty in processing sounds.

Non-Verbal Learning Disabilities

This involves difficulty processing non-verbal information (ie., perception of physical space, faces and social interactions)

ADHD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder generally interferes with attention span and impulse control.

Social Perception

Some individuals have difficulty interpreting social situations. They may not be able to understand the meanings behind facial expressions, tones of voice, body language or other verbal and non-verbal cues.

Social Skills

Some individuals have difficulty understanding basic social skills such as knowing when to interrupt a conversation, or knowing how close to stand to someone.