- Writing Expression Disability
- Specific Reading Disability
- Auditory Processing
- Non-Verbal Learning Disabilities
- Social Perception
- Social Skills
Learning disabilities often present themselves along with other conditions such as:
Frequent and excessive anxiety often accompanies learning disabilities and adds another challenge to learning.
People with learning disabilities commonly battle depression as they question their own intelligence and ability to perform like their peers.
This disorder is characterized by tics: involuntary, rapid, sudden movements or vocalizations that occur repeatedly in the same way.
Dyslexia is a language-based learning disorder. It is the most common learning disability and is believed to affect approximately one out of five children to some degree. Dyslexia is a learning difficulty characterized by difficulties with accurate or fluent word recognition or both, and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. People with dyslexia have problems with processing the smallest parts of language – phonemes – and appear to process information in a different area of the brain than non-dyslexics do. Dyslexia is the most common cause of reading, writing and spelling difficulties.
Dysgraphia is neurologically based handwriting disability in which a person has unusual difficulty forming letters or writing within a defined space.
Dyscalcula is a disorder diagnosed in those who are underachieving relative to their potential in mathematics, based on age, education level and measured intelligence.
Writing Expression Disability
As with reading, there are many levels at which the writing process can break down. A child may have difficulty with visual memory for words, phonemes and individual letters, generating and organizing ideas, or with the fine motor task of writing.
Specific Reading Disability
Individuals are diagnosed with specific reading disability when they are persistently underachieving in the development of reading skills, given his or her age, education level and measured intelligence.
This involves difficulty in processing sounds.
Non-Verbal Learning Disabilities
This involves difficulty processing non-verbal information (ie., perception of physical space, faces and social interactions)
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder generally interferes with attention span and impulse control.
Some individuals have difficulty interpreting social situations. They may not be able to understand the meanings behind facial expressions, tones of voice, body language or other verbal and non-verbal cues.
Some individuals have difficulty understanding basic social skills such as knowing when to interrupt a conversation, or knowing how close to stand to someone.